Using a norm or standard offers a number of advantages. When defining a process, it can be based on something existing without inventing something new. Furthermore, the work results and processes are standardized and a unified procedure can be ensured. The use of norms and standards also regulates and promotes the communication, division of labor, interchangeability and responsibility in a project or in a company. With a standardized procedure, new projects can be calculated better and the quality of the developed system can be increased. But there are also a few disadvantages. In many cases, norms and standards are often taken over completely, without thinking about how they fit in with the company's internal structures and the conditions of the project. Likewise, setting fixed processes can lead to inflexibility and, with that, to negative effects. Often, the attention in a norm or standard is set too high on the documentation, so that, without an adaptation, this can lead to a "flood of paper". An excessive demand for management functions can also have negative consequences for a project.